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#### CS 201: Mathematics for Computer Science - I

Credits: 3-1-0-10 ( 1 hour of tutorial every week)

###### Sets, proofs: [Weeks 1]

Sets, relations, functions, countable and uncountable sets.
Proofs; Proofs by deduction, contrapositive and contradiction (diagonalization).
Proofs by induction
* All these proof techniques can be covered through examples. The rigorous notion of proof will be covered in CS 202 and can be skipped here.

###### Basic Counting: [Weeks 2]

Selection/combination, arrangements/permutation, rule of sum, rule of product.
Binomial coefficients, identities, multinomial coefficients.
Selection with repetition/distributions of objects into cells, distinguishable/indistinguishable objects.
Combinatorial problems with restrictions

###### Generating functions: [Week 3]

Recurrence relations to solve combinatorial problems.
Generating functions to solve recurrence.

###### Counting techniques: [Weeks 4]

Inclusion-exclusion, Pigeonhole principle, Ramsey's theorem

###### Partial order: [Week 5]

Equivalence relations, partitions, partial order, posets, chain/antichain.

###### Graph theory: [Week 6 and 7]

Definitions, degree, paths, cycles, Hamiltonian path, Eulerian cycles.
cycles and acyclic graphs.
Trees, spanning trees, networks.

###### Number theory: [Week 8 and 9]

Divisibility, primes, division theorem, Euclid's gcd/extended Euclid's algorithm, Unique factorization domain.
Modular arithmetic, sums and products, Chinese remaindering, Mobius inversion.

###### RSA: [Week 10]

Fermat's little theorem, Euler's theorem.
Application: RSA.

###### Finite fields: [Week 11]

Z_p, the cyclic structure of Z_p^*.
Definition of the field as a generalization to F_p.
Application: Polynomials over F_p, error correction.

###### Group theory: [Week 12 and 13]

Definitions, examples (Z_n and Z_n^*)
cyclic and dihedral group, abelian groups.
Subgroups, cosets, partition
permutation group, transpositions, cycle representation
symmetries as a group.

###### Optional topics: [If time permits]

Rings
Applications Of Group Theory (Burnside lemma and generalization to Polya's theorem, use of group theory in combinatorics).
Other interesting applications.

###### Books:

1) Kenneth Rosen, Discrete mathematics and its applications.
2) Norman Biggs, Discrete mathematics.
3) Chung Liu, Introduction to combinatorial mathematics.
4) David Burton, Elementary number theory.