List of Birds sighted at IIT Kanpur Campus

(since 1984)

This is a checklist of birds sighted at IIT Kanpur since 1984.

This list was prepared over the years through the collective effort of many birdwatchers, mainly students of IIT-Kanpur. A major part of the list has been recorded by Ramana Athreya. Other contributors are D. Mohan, Navdeep Sood, Rahul Singh, Rajeev and Nisha Sangal, Shobha Madan, T.V.Prabhakar and Archna. It was converted to PDF and put up on the local IIT Kanpur website [Birds of IIT Kanpur] by TV Prabhakar. This is an HTML version of that list.

Changes in Taxonomy

Note that after the DNA based re-classification following Sibley/Munro:1988, (see the Sibley-Monroe checklist), as well as the International Ornothological Congress reclassifications of 1990 and thereafter, many of the scientific names as well as English names used in the Handbook (Ali/Ripley) have changed. JC Daniel of the Bombay Natural History Society, writing in the preface to the updated 12th edition of Salim Ali's Book of Indian Birds, says:
The classification of birds has been undergoing periodic upheavals since the time of the first edition of "Fauna of British India" (1889-1890) by Oates and Blanford. The publication of the "Synopsis" by S. Dillon Ripley (1961) and the "Handbook" by Ali/Ripley (1968-1974) gave a certain amount of stability [until DNA based studies of Sibley/Munro:1988]. The problem [of common names] was compounded by the International Ornithological Congress of 1990 taking the common English names of birds given in Sibley/Munro as a basis for discusssion for standardization of common English names for birds. This is unfortunate as many of the common English names used in the subcontinent for over a century have been summarily thrown overboard.
One can feel a sense of frustration behind these words -- Indian birders were possibly under-represented at these Congresses, and now these other names are becoming the international standard. But in many cases, there are genuine reasons for merging the species based on a wider international record. In going through the list, it was found that nearly one hundred of the common names had changed internationally, in some cases becoming different species. In about 20 of the species, the scientific names have also changed, owing to DNA based re-classification of the taxonomy (e.g. Little Grebe, from family Podiceps to Tachybaptus, the Indian Darter from genus rufa to melanogaster). Where the species have been split, it is difficult to identify which of these new names the sighting may belong to (e.g. the Small Blue Kingfisher, (Alcedo Atthis) has now been split - Alcedo Atthis is now the Common or European Kingfisher, while Small Blue Kingfisher is the English name of Alcedo coerulescens. Which of these species the list refers to is unknown, though in this instance these may be what the Handbook calls the southern and northern races, in which case, both may be visible around IITK). ) To some extent it has been possible to obtain the modern names of these species, but a few remain questionable.

In any event, we have tried to update all the names to reflect the updated conventions, and have also fixed all the entries in wikipedia to reflect these changes, either through redirects and by adding the alternate name in that entry. There are some 4-5 missing entries still, and there may be a few other problems, we are in the process of fixing these.

The original list has been converted now with links on the common names, which take you to the relevant entry on wikipedia. Many wikipedia entries have also been changed to include this nomenclature, which is largely the one traditionally followed in the Salim Ali books and the Bombay Natural History Society.


ANNOTATIONS of Wikipedia changes:
  • OLD-NAME ADDED: The old name found in list was added to Wikipedia article, and a redirect link created
  • LINK: Only a redirect link was created, the alternate name does not show on main article, but typing alternate name takes you there.


    1. Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis, was Podiceps ruficollis)


    2. Rosy or White Pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus)
    3. Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis)

      Cormorants, Darter

    4. Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo)
    5. Indian Shag (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)
    6. Little Cormorant (Phalacrocorax niger)
    7. Indian Darter or Snakebird (Anhinga melanogaster) [was Anhinga rufa; that species was trifurcated, A. rufa is now the African Darter]

      Herons, Egrets, Bitterns

    8. Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea)
    9. Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea)
    10. Little Green Heron, Little Heron, or Green Heron (Butorides striatus) [English name was Little Green Heron; Scientific name was was Ardeola striatus, both names changed and alternates added to Wikipedia]
    11. Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii)
    12. Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
    13. Great Egret or Large Egret (Ardea alba)
    14. Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia ) [was "Median Egret" and Egretta intermedia; Grewal gives this sci name as Mesophoyx intermedia; Both Egretta and Mesophoyx are listed in Wikipedia as a synonym. OLD-NAME ADDED]
    15. Little Egret (Egretta garzetta)
    16. Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
    17. Cinnamon Bittern or Chestnut Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus)
    18. Yellow Bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis)


    19. Painted Stork (Mycteria leucocephala)
    20. Asian Open-bill Stork (Anastomus oscitans) [was Open-Bill Stork. "Asian" needed to distinguish from the African Openbill Stork (A. lamelligerus), which may be new. LINK: Open-bill Stork]
    21. Wooly-necked Stork or White-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus) [was White-necked Stork; LINK]
    22. Black-necked Stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus)

      Ibises, Spoonbill

    23. Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) [was "White Ibis", and sci name was Threskiornis aethiopicus - that species was probably divided; T. aethiopica is now an African bird, Sacred Ibis, distribn Africa to Iraq; Ali-Daniel gives Black-Headed Ibis as Alt Name for White Ibis ]
    24. Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)
    25. Common Spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) [was "Spoonbill"]

      Ducks, Geese

    26. Greylag Goose (Anser anser)
    27. Lesser Whistling Duck or Lesser Whistling Teal(Dendrocygna javanica) [was Lesser Whistling Teal. W gives alt name as Indian Whistling Duck, Grewal: Whistling Teal, Tree-Duck]
    28. Ruddy Shelduck or Brahminy Duck (Tadorna ferruginea)
    29. Common Shelduck (Tadorna tadorna)
    30. Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)
    31. Common Teal (Anas crecca)
    32. Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha)
    33. Gadwall (Anas strepera)
    34. Wigeon (Anas penelope)
    35. Garganey (Anas querquedula)
    36. Northern Shoveller (Anas clypeata) [was Shoveller]
    37. Red-crested Pochard (Netta rufina)
    38. Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)
    39. Cotton Teal (Nettapus coromandelianus)
    40. Comb Duck (Sarkidiornis melanotos)

      Kites, Buzzards, Eagles, Vultures

    41. Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus)
    42. Honey Buzzard (Pernis ptilorhyncus)
    43. Govinda Pariah Kite or Black Kite (Milvus migrans) [Pariah kite is M. migrans govinda, a subspecies of Black Kite; W: link exists]
    44. Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus)
    45. Shikra (Accipiter badius)
    46. Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) [was Sparrow-Hawk]
    47. Long-legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus)
    48. White-eyed Buzzard (Butastur teesa)
    49. Crested, or Changeable Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus cirrhatus) [was Crested Hawk Eagle; OLD-NAME ADDED]
    50. Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax vindhiana)
    51. Black or King Vulture (Sacrogyps calvus)
    52. Indian Long-billed Vulture (Gyps indicus)
    53. Indian White-rumped Vulture or Indian White-backed Vulture (Gyps bengalensis)
    54. Egyptian Vulture or Scavenger Vulture (Neophron percnopterus)
    55. Pale Harrier (Circus macrourus)
    56. Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygargus)
    57. Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus)
    58. Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus)
    59. Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela)
    60. Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)


    61. Red-headed Merlin (Falco chicquera)
    62. Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)

      Pheasants, Partridges, Quails

    63. Black Partridge (Francolinus francolinus)
    64. Painted Partridge (Francolinus pictus)
    65. Grey Partridge (Francolinus pondicerianus, or is it )
    66. Black-breasted Quail or Rain Quail (Coturnix coromandelica)
    67. Rock Bush Quail (Perdicula argoondah)
    68. Indian or Common Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)


    69. Common Bustard-Quail or Barred Buttonquail (Turnix suscitator)


    70. Sarus Crane (Grus antigone)
    71. Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides virgo)

      Rails, Coots

    72. White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus)
    73. Water Cock (Gallicrex cinerea)
    74. Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
    75. Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio, English name was "Purple Moorhen")
    76. Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra)


    77. Pheasant-tailed Jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus)
    78. Bronze-winged Jacana (Metopidius indicus)

      Painted Snipes

    79. Painted Snipe (Rostratula benghalensis)

      Stilts, Avocets

    80. Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus)
    81. Pied Avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta) [Avocet]

      Stone Curlews

    82. Stone Curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus)
    83. Great Stone Plover (Esacus magnirostris)

      Coursers, Prantincoles

    84. Indian Courser (Cursorius coromandelicus)
    85. Small Indian Pratincole or Little Pratincole (Glareola lactea)

      Plovers, Sandpipers, Snipe

    86. White-tailed Lapwing (Vanellus leucurus)
    87. Sociable Lapwing (Vanellus gregarius)
    88. Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) [was Lapwing]
    89. Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus)
    90. Spur-winged Lapwing (Vanellus spinosus)
    91. Yellow-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus malabaricus)
    92. Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)
    93. Eurasian Golden Plover (Pluvialis apricaria) [Note: the species was listed as Eastern Golden Plover, (Pluvialis dominica). The latter corresponds to American Golden Plover, which is endemic to N. America, which is very similar to the Eurasian Golden Plover (Pluvialis apricaria) - so this sighting may need validation]
    94. Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius)
    95. Kentish Plover (Charadrius alexandrinus)
    96. Lesser Sand Plover (Charadrius mongolus)
    97. Eurasian Curlew or Curlew(Numenius arquata) [was Curlew]
    98. Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa)
    99. Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus)
    100. Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) [was Redshank]
    101. Marsh Sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis)
    102. Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)
    103. Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus)
    104. Wood Sandpiper (Tringa glareola)
    105. Common Sandpiper (Tringa hypoleucos)
    106. Fantail, or Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
    107. Jack Snipe (Gallinago minima)
    108. Little Stint (Calidris minuta)
    109. Temminck's Stint (Calidris temminckii)
    110. Dunlin (Calidris alpina)
    111. Ruff and Reeve (Philomachus pugnax)

      Gulls, Terns

    112. Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)
    113. Great Black-headed Gull (Larus ichthyaetus)
    114. Brown-headed Gull (Larus brunnicephalus)
    115. Whiskered Tern (Chliodonias hybrida)
    116. Indian River Tern (Sterna_Aurantia">Sterna Aurantia)
    117. Black-bellied Tern (Sterna acuticauda)
    118. Little Tern (Sterna albifrons)
    119. Indian Skimmer (Rynchops albicollis)


    120. Indian Sandgrouse (Pterocles exustus)

      Doves, Pigeons

    121. Yellow-legged, or Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera)
    122. Blue Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)
    123. Indian Ring, or Eurasian Collared, Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) [was Indian Ring Dove; LINK since worldwide distriOLD-NAME ADDED]
    124. Red Turtle Dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica)
    125. Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis)
    126. Little Brown Dove or Laughing Dove(Streptopelia senegalensis)


    127. Alexandrine Parakeet (Psittacula eupatria)
    128. Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)
    129. Blossom-headed Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala)


    130. Pied Crested cuckoo (Clamator jacobinus)
    131. Common Hawk-Cuckoo or Brainfever Bird (Cuculus varius)
    132. Grey-bellied Cuckoo or Indian Plaintive Cuckoo (Cacomantis passerinus)
    133. Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopacea)
    134. Sirkeer Cuckoo (Taccocua leschenaultii) [neither Sirkeer Cuckoo nor Taccocua leschenaultii was in Wikipedia - found Sirkeer Malkoha in Grewal; name is now Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii but T. leschenaultii is still a synonym; major expansion on this wikipedia article]
    135. Greater Coucal or Crow-Pheasant(Centropus sinensis)


    136. Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
    137. Collared Scops Owl (Otus bakkamoena)
    138. Eurasian Eagle-owl (Bubo bubo) (was the Great Horned Owl, which is now Bubo virginianus, present only in the Americas)
    139. Rock Eagle-owl (Bubo (bubo) bengalensis) (B. bengalensis is what Salim Ali had called the Great Horned Owl)
    140. Dusky Horned Owl (Bubo coromandus) [NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA]
    141. Brown Fish Owl (Bubo zeylonensis)
    142. Jungle Owlet (Glaucidium radiatum)
    143. Barred Owlet (Glaucidium cuculoides)[NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA]
    144. Brown Hawk Owl (Ninox scutulata)
    145. Spotted Owlet (Athene brama)
    146. Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)


    147. Long-tailed Nightjar (Caprimulgus macrurus) [NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA]


    148. House Swift (Apus affinis)
    149. Asian Palm Swift (Cypsiurus balasiensis) [was Palm Swift (Cypsiurus parvus); both have changed; the Cypsiurus parvus lives in Africa; it is very similar to the Asian Palm swift. Perhaps these species have been split? C. now has only these two genera. This citing uncertain. ]


    150. Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) [was Lesser Pied Kingfisher]
    151. Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) [Alcedo Atthis is the Common or European Kingfisher, what was Small Blue Kingfisher (a.k.a. Common) is now Alcedo coerulescens. So this citing is uncertain.]
    152. White-breasted Kingfisher or White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis)


    153. Blue-tailed Bee-eater (Merops philippinus)
    154. Little Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis)


    155. Indian Roller, earlier incorrectly called the Blue Jay (Coracias benghalensis)


    156. Hoopoe (Upupa epops)


    157. Indian Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros birostris) [was Common Grey Hornbill, Tockus birostris; the genus matches and this bird as shown on this wiki page we definitely have here, so quite likely correct. ]


    158. Brown-headed Barbet or Large Green Barbet (Megalaima zeylanica)
    159. Crimson-breasted, or Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala)


    160. Wryneck (Jynx torquilla)
    161. Black-rumped Flameback or Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker (Dinopium benghalense)
    162. Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (or Mahratta, or Pied Yellow-fronted, Woodpecker) (Dendrocopos mahrattensis) [Was (Picoides mahrattensis) [LINKS]


    163. Red-winged Bush Lark (Mirafra erythroptera)
    164. Ashy-crowned Finch-Lark (Eremopterix grisea)
    165. Sand Lark (Calandrella raytal) [ENTRY WAS ADDED ON WIKIPEDIA; NEEDS P.D. IMAGE]
    166. Crested Lark (Galerida cristata)
    167. Skylark (Alauda arvensis)


    168. Collared Sand Martin (Riparia riparia)
    169. Plain Sand Martin (Riparia paludicola) [May be the Riparia paludicola chinensis]
    170. Dusky Crag Martin (Hirundo concolor)
    171. Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) [was Swallow]
    172. Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii)
    173. Streak-throated Swallow or Indian Cliff Swallow (Hirundo fluvicola)
    174. Red-rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica)


    175. Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor)
    176. Bay-backed Shrike (Lanius vittatus)
    177. Long-tailed Shrike, or Rufous-backed Shrike (Lanius schach) [was Rufous-Backed, both names in Grewal; OLD-NAME ADDED]
    178. Black-headed Shrike (Lanius schach tricolor) [Species may have been recategorized under Lanius; "black-headed shrike" 10.4K hits on Google, where some sites equate it with Lanius schach; the Long-tailed Shrike article cites a Himalayan race L.s. tricolor, that may be it. Grewal refers to something similar. So I added it to the W article for Long-Tailed; OLD-NAME ADDED]
    179. Brown Shrike (Lanius cristatus)


    180. Golden Oriole (Oriolus oriolus)
    181. Black-headed Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus)


    182. Black Drongo (Dicrurus adsimilis)
    183. White-bellied Drongo (Dicrurus caerulescens)


    184. Brahminy Myna or Brahminy Starling (Sturnus pagodarum) (also see this photo story)
    185. European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) [was Starling]
    186. Pied Myna or the Asian Pied Starling (Sturnus contra)
    187. Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis)
    188. Bank Myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) [ADDED EXTENSIVE WIKIPEDIA PAGE; NEEDS P.D. IMAGE]

      Crows, Magpies

    189. Rufous Treepie or Indian Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda)
    190. House Crow (Corvus splendens)
    191. Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos)


    192. Common Wood Shrike (Tephrodornis pondicerianus)
    193. Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike, was Large Cuckoo-Shrike, (Coracina novaehollandiae)
    194. Black-winged Cuckoo-shrike or Smaller Grey Cuckoo-Shrike (Coracina melaschistos) [Was Coracina novaehollandiae is which is present only in Australia and New Guinea; name was Smaller Grey Cuckoo-Shrike; Finally found both names in Grewal, based on which, OLD-NAME ADDED]
    195. Black-headed Cuckoo-Shrike (Coracina melanoptera)


    196. Scarlet Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus)
    197. Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus)


    198. Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia)


    199. Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus)
    200. White-cheeked Bulbul (Pycnonotus leucogenys) [this species characterization may be disputed]
    201. Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer)


    202. Yellow-eyed Babbler (Chrysomma sinense)
    203. Common Babbler (Turdoides caudatus)
    204. Large Grey Babbler (Turdoides malcolmi)
    205. Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striatus)


    206. Red-throated, or Red-breasted Flycatcher (Ficedula parva) [These four members of the Muscicapa were reclassified as Ficedula in the Muscicapidae family. The English names remains the same, but non-hyphenated is preferred.]
    207. Little Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni) [NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA]
    208. Ultramarine Flycatcher or White-browed Blue Flycatcher (Ficedula superciliaris) [OLD-NAME ADDED]
    209. Verditer Flycatcher (Eumyias thalassina)
    210. Grey-headed Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis)
    211. White-browed Fantail Flycatcher (Rhipidura aureola)
    212. Paradise Flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi)


    213. Zitting Cisticola or Streaked Fantail Warbler (Cisticola juncidis) [OLD-NAME ADDED]
    214. Streaked Wren-Warbler (Prinia gracilis)
    215. Plain Wren-Warbler (Prinia subflava)
    216. Ashy Wren-Warbler (Prinia socialis)
    217. Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius) [was Tailorbird]
    218. Blyth's Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus dumetorum)
    219. Orphean Warbler (Sylvia hortensis)
    220. Lesser White-throat (Sylvia curruca)

      Thrushes, Chats

    221. Bluethroat (Luscinia svecica) [Both name and both parts of Sci name failed]
    222. Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis)
    223. Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros)
    224. Brown Rock Chat (Cercomela fusca) [NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA]
    225. Stone, or Collared Bushchat (Saxicola torquata) [This species has been extensively revised in 2002. May be the European Stonechat, Saxicola rubicola, (previously S. torquata rubicola). torquata now retained only for the African Stonechat]
    226. Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata)
    227. Dark Grey Bushchat or Grey Bushchat (Saxicola ferrea) [NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA]
    228. Indian Robin (Saxicoloides fulicata) (see this photos page)
    229. Blue Rock Thrush (Monticola solitarius)
    230. Orange-headed Thrush or Orange-headed Ground Thrush (Zoothera citrina)
    231. Black-throated Thrush (Turdus ruficollis, or more specifically, Turdus ruficollis atrogularis)


    232. Fire-capped Tit (Cephalopyrus flammiceps) [NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA] see Penduline Tit


    233. Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch (Sitta castanea) [NEEDS TO BE ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA]

      Pipits, Wagtails

    234. Olive-backed Pipit or Indian Tree Pipit (Anthus hodgsoni)
    235. Tree Pipit (Anthus trivialis)
    236. Paddyfield Pipit ( Anthus rufulus) [was Anthus novaeseelandiae]
    237. Tawny Pipit (Anthus campestris)
    238. Brown Rock Pipit (Anthus similis)
    239. Water Pipit (Anthus spinoletta)
    240. Grey- or Dark-headed Wagtail (Motacilla flava thunbergi) [THE THREE M. flava Wagtails all link to Blue-headed Wagtail, M. flava, which makes some remarks about the species claims of some of these subspecies]
    241. Sykes' Wagtail (Motacilla flava beema) [Was Blue-headed Yellow Wagtail; now Yellow Wagtail = Blue-Headed Wagtail = M.flava]
    242. Turkestan Black-headed Wagtail (Motacilla flava melanogrisea) [Was Black-headed Yellow Wagtail, now links to Blue-headed]
    243. Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea)
    244. Indian Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba dukhunensis) [was White Wagtail]
    245. Masked Wagtail (Motacilla alba personata)
    246. Hodgson's Pied Wagtail (Motacilla alba alboides)
    247. White-browed Wagtail or Large Pied Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis) [ The scientific name is spelt madaraspatensis in IUCN and Grimmmett:1998, but maderaspatensis in Ali/Ripley (Bird Number 1891, vol. 9) and Grewal/Harvey/Pfister:2002, (p. 415)]

      Flower-peckers, Sunbirds

    248. Thick-billed Flower-pecker (Dicaeum agile)
    249. Purple Sunbird (Nectarinia asiatica)


    250. White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosa)


    251. House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)
    252. Yellow-throated Sparrow (Petronia xanthocollis)


    253. Baya Weaver (Ploceus philippinus) [was Baya]
    254. Black-throated Weaver (Ploceus benghalensis) [ENTRY WAS ADDED TO WIKIPEDIA]


    255. Red Munia (Estrilda amandava)
    256. White-throated Munia or the Indian Silverbill (Lonchura malabarica)
    257. Scaly-Breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata)
    258. Black-headed Munia (Lonchura malacca)


    259. Red-headed Bunting (Emberiza bruniceps)


    TV Prabhakar and Amitabha Mukerjee April 2006